Von Betacity am 20. April 2012 um 12:21

Von: MONU Magazine on Urbanism <>
Datum: 17. April 2012 19:21


browse the entire issue #16 on Vimeo:

The New Rural: Global Agriculture, Desakotas and Freak Farms -
Interview with Kees Christiaanse by Bernd Upmeyer and Beatriz Ramo
Page; Non-Urbanism Revisited by Hester van Gent; Remembrances of an
Older Urbanism y Edward W. Soja; Urbanism in the Expanded Field of
the Built Environment by Jessica Bridger; Non-Urban Skateboarding by
Brian Gaberman; Urbanism as a Way of Life … in Non-Urban Areas by
Oswald Devisch; The Role of Technology in the Evolution of Cities by
Tom Marble; Sentient Cities: Ambient Intelligence and the Politics of
Urban Space by Mike Crang and Stephen Graham; A Sentient Environment
for a Subjective Realm by Domenico Di Siena and Manon Bublot;
Processes from 'Away and Under' by Clark M. Thenhaus; The Digital City
is a Village in the Alps: The Red Bull Society by Eduard Sancho Pou; A
Meeting in the Mountains by Sabine Höpfner and Stefan Canham;
Non-Urban Erotic Spaces - Interview with Scott Herring by Bernd
Upmeyer; A Country's Side - Notes on Chinese Rural Development by
Benjamin Beller; The Pioneers: Mutation Agent of the Non-Urban by Ilya
F. Maharika and Gayuh Winisudaningtyas; Reconstructing Meta-Doha by
Agatino Rizzo; End of the Line, Urbanism in the Great Plains by David

The rural as a strict counterpart to the urban appears to be a
condition of the past. At least, this is what Kees Christiaanse posits
in an interview with us entitled "The New Rural: Global Agriculture,
Desakotas, and Freak Farms". He points out that, today, non-urban
spaces interact so frequently and intensely with urbanity that you can
no longer describe something as strictly rural. Therefore, we can no
longer separate the city from the countryside as these are not
polarized entities and each other's enemies, but rather the result of
each other. Evidently, to be an urbanist today means that one must
also be a regionalist as Edward W. Soja puts it in his contribution
"Remembrances of an Older Urbanism". In relation to that, Oswald
Devisch reminds us in his piece "Urbanism as a Way of Life…in
Non-Urban Areas" that the 1930s sociologist Louis Wirth stressed that
the concept of urbanism is something not only confined to large,
dense and heterogeneous settlements, but can also manifest itself to
varying degrees "wherever the influences of the city reach". In that
sense Devisch thinks that it is time to change the urban - non-urban
dichotomy into a dynamic - stagnant version that is based on social
rather than spatial conditions.

Obviously, new media and especially the internet play an important
role in the discussion on Non-Urbanism as spaces around us are now
being continually forged and reforged in informational processes as
Mike Crang and Stephen Graham explain in their contribution entitled
"Sentient Cities: Ambient Intelligence and the Politics of Urban
Space". In their article they describe a world in which we not only
think of cities, but cities also think
of us, and in which the environment reflexively monitors our behavior.
In his piece "Processes from 'Away and Under'", Clark M. Thenhaus
envisions - because of those informational processes and in particular
digitalization - no future widening of the gap between the urban and
the non-urban, but rather that gap being bridged. This 'bridging' will
occur only partially through physical manifestations, but largely
through otherwise 'invisible' structures and open-source processes and

Although the limits of digital cities are usually not physical, but,
for example, economic as Eduard Sancho Pou describes in his
contribution "The Digital City is a Village in the Alps: The Red Bull
Society", one might find
- especially in non-urban areas - "Truman Show"-like physical
manifestations such as the village of the multinational corporation
"Red Bull". But non-urban spaces are also changing independently from
the influence of the
internet and social media, particularly in emerging market economies
such as China, India or Indonesia. According to Scott Herring rural
conditions have actually been changing ever since there this idea of a
country and a city
emerged, as he explains in another interview with us entitled
"Non-Urban Erotic Spaces". In Indonesia, for example, so-called
desakotas, hybrid spaces between the countryside and the city, appear
as transitory spaces that lead eventually to the rise of the city of
the non-urban as Ilya Fadjar Maharika and Gayuh Winisudaningtyas put
it in their article "The Pioneers: Mutation Agent of the Non-Urban".
In such a 'non-urban city' so-called
pioneers convert agriculture into urbanized spaces with a population
density double that of the countryside, into a non-urban urbanism.
However, the future viability of those non-urban urban spaces remains
in doubt as a typical transformation process of rural spaces -
especially in Asia - means that the rural self-supporting local
ecology of farming gradually vanishes as a lot of farmers go bankrupt
and feudal proprietors or large multinational agro-companies take over
the land as described by Kees Christianse. In order to survive,
formerly independent rural communities, such as the ones in the US
that David Karle mentions in his contribution "End of the Line,
Urbanism in the Great Plains", must transition to self-sustaining
micro-regional networks.

(Bernd Upmeyer, Editor-in-Chief, April 2012)

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